7 Possible symptoms of LEUKEMIA that should not be ignored under any circumstances...
The detection age of cancer in India is 30-69 years based on the recent studies. 48% of patients received 1 st line systemic treatment, 34% of those 2nd line based on a study “Trends in prescribing systemic treatment and overall survival for non-small cell lung cancer stage IIIB/IV in the Netherlands: 2008–2012”. That is the whole date in general but to come to a more specific field which would be Leukemia, the data changes drastically!
The most common type of Leukemia diagnosed is acute lymphoblastic leukemia, ALL, and acute myeloid leukemia, AML, which is diagnosed in children from India. The treatment process goes up to year overall survival rate of 90%. Luckily, based on the studies, there has been an evident process in the number of survivals in India. For the ones that are not much educated on leukemia, we are going to explain all you need to know and the possible signs.
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Leukemia is a cancer of the blood and bone marrow, a malignant neoplasm that causes abnormal production of certain blood cells. To measures that these unhealthy cells expel healthy ones, the blood function starts to fail and you may notice physical symptoms. The disease can worsen rapidly if you have a type known as acute leukemia, and slowly if it is chronic leukemia, according to the National Institutes of Health. Regardless of the type you have, if you feel any of the following symptoms, you should go to an assessment immediately because it is one of the worst cancers.
1. Fatigue and constant weakness
Fatigue and weakness are the most common symptoms for all types of leukemia and are often caused by anemia, a deficiency of red blood cells that all it does is make the person feel much more tired than normal. In both chronic and acute cases, a range can range from mild fatigue to extreme weakness, but in all cases, symptoms worsen over time. There are many other possible causes for weakness, but if it is an extreme tiredness, it is not wrong to take it into consideration.
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2. Excessive or spontaneous bruising
Unexplained bruises without any physical trauma can be a clear symptom of leukemia, according to Pamela Crilley, chair of the Department of Medical Oncology at the Cancer Treatment Centers of America. Unusual bruising is the result of a low platelet count or serious coagulation problems. "You may have bruises appeared spontaneously, without having to do anything," he says. "They can be anywhere, but normally they will come out on the limbs, both arms, and legs."
3. Swollen gums
Although an increase in gum size, also known as gingival hyperplasia, is usually only found in a small proportion of patients with acute leukemia, it is one of the most obvious symptoms of the disease. "When we have a patient with leukemia, we should always look at their mouth to see if the gums have gotten swollen," Crilley said. The gums may be very swollen, and almost always a strange discomfort is experienced in the mouth. That is why, although it seems that it does not matter, the mouth is something to which you have to pay close attention.
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Petechiae are small red spots that usually appear beneath the skin due to bleeding. Dr. Crilley describes the petechia as "if someone painted small red dots with a pen." These spots, which can sometimes go unnoticed due to their size, indolence and appearance in the lower extremities, indicate a low platelet count. According to Dr. Levis, petechiae are typically found around the ankles because their severity results in the accumulation of body fluids in the legs.
5. Discomfort or pain in the upper left abdomen
In many cases, the spleen is often enlarged by leukemia, resulting in abdominal discomfort or even a stabbing pain. "Part of the spleen of a patient who came to me with chronic leukemia had died," Levis said. "He said that it hurt a lot and that he had very sharp pain in his abdomen." Mainly because the spleen is located in the upper left part of the abdomen, discomfort can be concentrated in this area. It is true that the stomach pain could be due to many things, but it is advisable to treat it in time and not to obviate it under any concept.
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Approximately 1 in 20 patients with leukemia may have a rash that falls into two possible categories: leukemia of the skin, or Sweet's syndrome, which is commonly associated with the same type of cancer. In the case of leukemia, it always looks as if you have a lump inserted in the skin; Occasionally it may be something like a plaque. The rashes of Sweet's syndrome, on the other hand, look red and prickly, similar to an allergic reaction. However, although they come in all shapes and sizes, those associated with leukemia have one thing in common: they will continue to grow and spread.
7. Frequent or recurrent Infections
If you have a small infection that does not go away, it does not matter how many antibiotics your doctor prescribes. It may be the right time to undergo a complete blood count and detect abnormalities in white blood cell, hemoglobin, and platelet levels. Abnormal levels of white blood cells lead to a deteriorated immune system, which could explain frequent infections and the feeling of being always on the verge of the flu. This, along with other signs of fatigue or bruising, should be enough to see the doctor. Leukemia is always a surprise, it sneaks out of the patient. Because those affected with this cancer may be asymptomatic or present symptoms common to other diseases, it is important to have a medical examination, a blood count, and a bone marrow biopsy.
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